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Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh.

Anup Sadi

Poet & Author, Bangladesh

December- 2012

Preface

Research became my favorite job in the last 4 years. I have worked on the fruit plants in 2008 and after that research work, I started working on the medicinal plants of Bangladesh. Doing research work on important and critical issues of the society is lovable and interesting to me. “A Study on Diversity of Medicinal Plants in Bangladesh” is a time benefiting topic which deserves due attention and importance for our country. I have made a fair attempt to prepare my topic with the best available information from the last  three years.

The objectives of preparing this research work are to increase  the capacity of the farmers and other groups of people for identifying of socio-economic problem to find out the nature and course  of problem to create  awareness  of agricultural work related groups  about the problem and to solve them through  investigation.

Medicinal plants are an important wealth in our country. From long ago Medicinal  plants assail their leaf, stem, root, fruit etc are used to protect desire. But with the much destructing of forest they are also destroyed. According to the scientist  many of  them are already  extinct, so my research paper is very  important in this time  I am very happy to prepare this work within this year 2012. I would be more than rewarded if my study benefits the readers to some extent and stimulates  thinking in the respective spheres.

Acknowledgement

It is worth whole to mention that in doing any important work the assistance and supervision is very essential. Preparation of a research paper is a hard work in the daily family life. I take a long time on this work and expressing my earnest gratitude to my family member who cooperated me a lot. In preparing this research I received whole hearted cooperation from my family members, my teacher M. A. M Jakir Hossain and My colleague Monjurul Haque. I express my gratitude and heartiest thanks to their valuable suggestions and sympathetic co-operation.

I am grateful to Dolon Prova, the editor of Roddure Dot Com for her cooperation and suggestions. I am also grateful to all faculty members, specially Khairul Alam Ratan and Farid Uddin of Mymensingh Govt. College and library authority for their earnest Co-operation.

Executive Summary

There are more than 6000 species of plants grow in Bangladesh. The plants which are useful for healing several diseases are called medicinal plant. The main theme is that the herbal medicated plant is called the medicinal plant. Bacteria Fungi, Algae, Bryophytes Pteridophytes Gymnosperms, Angiosperm each of the group has medicinal plant. There are 722 medicinal plants in our country. They have much variety and diversity. They have diversity in size & shape, in habitat, in adaptation power, in flowering, in production season, in somatical element and in the activity on human life. We can detect or distinguish than easily for their individual diversity. We can use them in several purposes. Main of them are to control disease. Most of the antibiotic such as subtilin; `polimixin’ penicillin etc are produced from this medicinal plant Besides this all of the Unani, Herbal, Kobiraji, Homeopath medicine are produced from medicinal plant. In this way different utility and characteristics based medicinal plant are also recognized weeds plant, aquatic plants, fruitat plant, forestall plant etc. We may get highly valuable medicine from some medicinal plants in future which help our next generations to treat chronic disease. So far the probable fuyure we should conserve the medicinal plant.

List of Table

Table No. Subject
Table No 01 List of Contents
Table No 02 The list of medicinal plant grows in different habitat.
Table No 03 56 medicinal plants according to the usable parts of the plants.
Table No 04 The list of the most important  medicinal plant in Bangladesh
Survey Table No 05 Percentage of use of medicinal plants in different types of  treatment
Survey Table No 06 Percentage of using  medicinal plants for curing different disease
Survey Table No 07 Percentage of  Plantation of medicinal plant in their house
Survey Table No 08 Percentage of this opinion that herbal treatment is not expensive.
Survey Table No 09 Percentage of this opinion that herbal treatment has no side effect
Table No 10 List of the  nearly extinct medicinal plants in Bangladesh
Table No 11 List of endangered plant in Red Data Book.

Acronyms and Abbreviation

ICBN          –        International Code of  Botanical Nomenclature

IK                –        Indigenous Knowledge 

SACEP       –        South Asian Cooperation Environment Program.

IUCN          –        International Union for conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

BNH           –        Bangladesh National Herbarium.

WHO          _        World Health Organization.

WCU          _        World Conservation Union.

WWF          _        World Wide Fund for Nature

B.C.S          _        Bangladesh Civil Service.

Table 01: List of Contents

No. Subject
CHAPTER – 1
1.1 Preface
1.2 Acknowledgement
1.3. Executive Summary
1.4. List of the tables
1.5. Acronyms and abbreviations
1.6 List of Contents
1.7 Abstract
  CHAPTER -2
2. Introduction
2.1 Statement of the problem
2.2 Objective  of the study
2.3 Scope of the research paper
2.4 Source and research method
2.5 Definition
2.6 Review of Literature
2.7 Limitation
2.8 Source and research method
CHAPTER -3
3.  Main Body
3.1 History of medicinal plant
3.2 Classification of medicinal plants
3.3 Significance and importance of medicinal plants
3.4 Medicinal plant and it’s diversity on the basis of their habitat
3.5 Medicinal plant and it’s diversity on the basis of their utility
3.6 Availability of present medicinal plants of Bangladesh
3.7 Commercial Uses of Medicinal plants in Bangladesh
3.8 The economic status and uses of medicinal plants: A survey.
Chapter -4
4. Problems and prospects of Medicinal Plants in Bangladesh
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Causes of the declination of  medicinal plants
4.3 Nearly extinction  medicinal plants in Bangladesh
4.4 The necessity and importance of conservation of medicinal plants
4.5 Step taken by Govt. to conserve the diversification of medicinal plants
4.6 Prospect of Medicinal Plants in Bangladesh
Chapter 5
5. Findings and Recommendations
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Findings
5.3 Recommendations
CHAPTER -6
6.1 Conclusion
6.2 Bibliography
Appendix – 1

Abstract

The plants which are useful for healing several diseases are called medicinal plant. The main theme is that the herbal medicated plant is called the medicinal plant? Bacteria Fungi, Algae, Bryophytes Pteridophytes Gymnosperms, Angiosperm each of the group has medicinal plant. There are 722 medicinal plants in our country. They have much variety diversity. They have diversity in size & shape, in habitat, in adaptation power, in flowering, in production season, in somatical element and in the activity on human life. We can detect or distinguish than easily for their individual diversity. We can use them in several purposes for their diversity. Main of them are to control disease. Most of the antibiotic such as subtilin; `polimixin’ penicillin etc are produced from this medicinal plant. Besides this all of the Unani, Herbal, Kobiraji, Homeopath medicine are produced from medicinal plant. In this way different utility and characteristics based medicinal plant are also recognized weeds plant, aquatic plants, fruitat plant, forestall plant etc. Each of the plant group has individual diversity and this diversity has special importance. Basically the habitual, morphological or somatic elemental diversity of medicinal plant is very valuable to us.

Please click on the 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 Page Numbers below to read the full Paper of the Diversity of Fruit Plants in Bangladesh.

অনুপ সাদির প্রথম কবিতার বই পৃথিবীর রাষ্ট্রনীতি আর তোমাদের বংশবাতি প্রকাশিত হয় ২০০৪ সালে। তাঁর মোট প্রকাশিত গ্রন্থ ১০টি। সাম্প্রতিক সময়ে প্রকাশিত তাঁর সমাজতন্ত্র মার্কসবাদ গ্রন্থ দুটি পাঠকমহলে ব্যাপকভাবে সমাদৃত হয়েছে। ২০১০ সালে সম্পাদনা করেন বাঙালির গণতান্ত্রিক চিন্তাধারা নামের একটি প্রবন্ধগ্রন্থ।

জন্ম ১৬ জুন, ১৯৭৭। তিনি লেখাপড়া করেছেন ঢাকা কলেজ ও ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে। ২০০০ সালে ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় থেকে ইংরেজি সাহিত্যে এম এ পাস করেন।






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