The Spoon Billed Sandpiper (Eurynohinchus Pygmeus), is one of the most extraordinary birds on the planet. It is a very small bird in size. But its bill has evolved as a spoon and the spoon-like billed helps it to feed on its preferred, invertebrate food. It is now the rarest shorebird on the Asia-Pacific seaboard and was upgraded to Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red list, by BirdLife International in May 2008.
The bird’s length is 17 centimeters, wings 10 centimeters, lips 2.2 cm, part of the lip spoon is 1.1 centimeters, feet 2.1 centimeters and trail 3.8 centimeters. The upper part of the color of the bird is faded gray and the lower part is white.
They collect food from the upper layers of wet sand and mud. There are several types of invertebrates in their food list.
Breeding only in the remote Arctic regions of Chukotka and Koryakia, in north-eastern Russia, it then undertakes an incredible migration south, stopping at coastal wetlands in Japan, China and Korea, to winter mainly in South-east Asia. Now it is said that the total population of the bird is only 350 or less than that. Artificial incubation and captive rearing, termed headstarting, may increase survival rates from less than 25% to over 75%, and the removal of eggs may also lead to a second clutch reared by the parents. In 2013, conservationists hatched twenty chicks in Chukotka, Russia.
This is a migratory bird in Bangladesh. In winter, it came to the coastal area of Bangladesh and Myanmar. Bangladesh can take actions to save the bird, but the situation is diametrically opposite. Bangladesh Government has announced that they will build up a deep sea-port in an island, locally called Sonadia island, where 10% of the total population of the bird stay in winter. The China Government will invest for the deep sea-port. If Bangladesh, with the help of the Capitalists-Imperialist China, makes the sea-port, the bird must be extinct from the Earth. Can we want this?
Bangladesh Spoon-billed Sandpiper Conservation Project has been working in Bangladesh in an organized manner since 2009. The goal of the project is to conserve and conduct research on the critically endangered Spoon-Billed Sandpipers wintering along the coast of Bangladesh especially on Sonadia island. The project discovered local hunters have been hunting SBS along with other shorebirds. Since 2011 the project is working with the hunters to provide alternative income generation options and hope is that within 3-4 years the SBS will increase its population and the country will be safe for them.