Diversity of the Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh.

Chapter II

2.  Introduction:

Medical plant is an important wealth in our country. From long ago medicinal  plants assail their leaf, stem, root, fruit etc are used to protect desire. But with the much destructing of forest they are also destroyed. According to the scientist  many of  them are already  extinct, so the  topic  is very  important in this time  I am very happy to prepare this within short  time. I would be more than rewarded if my study benefits the readers to some extent and stimulates  thinking in the respective spheres.

The total numbers of plants with medicinal properties in the subcontinent are present stands at about 2000. About 450 to 500 of such medicinal plants name so far been enlisted as growing or available in Bangladesh (Abdull Ghani).

In traditional systems indigenous knowledge (IK) plays a central role in discuses diagnosis and health care practices. Rapid westernization and introduction of modern medicine in many places has affected not only the traditional system but also I associated with it. Especially in areas with rapid urbanizations the traditional medicinal system and I have become seriously vulnerable. The risk is not so great for well documented Ayurvedic, Hekimi and Unani ones but many undocumented system of folk medicine which have been handed down form one generations to the next by word of mouth are in example of the indigenous knowledge based folk medicine which has been used and appreciated since prehistoric times.

IK based folk medicine constitutes a very diverse steam in Bangladesh and is ecosystem and ethic community specific different localities have different characteristics. The rich heritage if indigenous knowledge associated with herbal medicine is considered as the root of all systems of traditional remedies in Bangladesh. During the course of development in the remote past, a particular remedy discovered become widespread and subsequently listed refined revised improved upon and gradually incorporated in the traditional codified system among the practitioners.

আরো পড়ুন:  পারিজাত বা মান্দার গাছের ১৪টি ঔষধি ব্যবহার

2.1. Statement of the problem:

Every country has needed 25% forestland of the total. But our forests with under plant are destroyed by the increasing population house industry and land is used for cultivation by destroying forest. But forest is very essential past for environmental equilibrium which is very essential for human health. If forest is destroyed promptly we will be also lost our medicinal plant. Because most of them are wild in nature. Most of the people of our country are very poor. They almost depend on medicinal plant to treat their disease. From the old man uses different types of medicinal plant such as fruit, root, leaf, stem etc to treat some disease such as dysentery diarrhea, cold etc. Besides this herbal medicine is very cheap. But at present this plant is not found for their destroying in several ways. To solve this problem we should take a proper action to conserve the diversification of medicinal plant.

2.2. Objective of this study:

Medicinal plant is very much related to our health culture. 80% populations of our country are directly or indirectly depends medicinal plant for health problem.

On the basis of our socio-economic and health sectors situation we should need a vast uses of medicinal plant.

The main objectives of this study are as follows

  1. To know about the habitat, diversity of medicinal plant.
  2. To know about the conservation of medicinal plant.
  3. To know about the uses of medicinal plant against several diseases.
  4. To know about the commercial use of Medicinal plants
  5. To formulate relevant potties recommendations in the context of existing conditions.
  6. To know about the action of Govt. to conserve the plant.

2.3. Scope of the research paper:

Plant especially medicinal plant play a significant role on human being. They have several scopes in researching aspects. But here I am mentioning a short lists of all aspects. In this research paper the following scopes are described.

  1. Habitual and usable diversification of Medicinal plant.
  2. Commercial Uses of medicinal plant in our country.
  3. Identifying the causes of diversity.
  4. Solve & Recommendation of the problem.
আরো পড়ুন:  ফলসা দক্ষিণ এশিয়ার জন্মানো ভেষজ বৃক্ষ

2.4. Source and research method:

Due to my different types of problems, I could not collect data form primary source. It includes data and information of various secondary sources. Relevant books, magazine, essays, etc. have acted as source of data and information.

The technique of writing review article has been followed on the basis of collected data. Yet, in light of our knowledge and experience own conception has also been applied here.

2.5. Definitions:

The words or term which are used in this research paper are defined below:

Study: Study means a process making a report. In any kinds of research, a study is highly essential without study on researcher can reach its goal.

Bangladesh: Means the whole area of the country which have independence and sovereignty.

Medicinal Plant: Medicinal Plants are those that are commonly used in treating and preventing specific ailments and diseases, and that are generally considered to play a beneficial role in health care.

Habitat: It means the environment/ place which the plant are grown.

Conservation: This term is used to means the conservation of medicinal plant.

Diversity: It means the difference among the medicinal plant on the basis of the genetically, environmental and morphological structure.

Pharmacology: The subject in which description is written about the medicinal plant.

2.6.     Review of Literature :

At the time of preparing this research work, I used a lot of books books and information. The literature which I reviewed at the time of preparing this work are as follows :

  1. Shibkali Vattacharya, Chironjib Bonushodhi 1-11 volume, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata.
  2. Dr. Kalipad Bishwas, Varotio Bonoushodhi, 3 volume, Kolkata University, 1973.
  3. Guidelines on the Conservation of Medicinal Plants, WHO. IUCN, WWF.
  4. Abdul Ghani, The Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh.
  5. Jitendra Srivastava, John lambot and Noel vietmeyer, Medicinal Plants.
  6. Lucy Hoareau and Edgar J. Dasilva, Medicinal Plants: a re-emerging health aid.
  7. Bangladesher Bhesoj Udvid – Dr. Md. Abul Hasan.
  8. Uchcho Middyamic Krishi shikka – Shahidul Islam and Rafiquzzaman.
আরো পড়ুন:  গন্ধবেণা, গন্ধ তৃণ বা লেমন ঘাস বাংলাদেশে জন্মানো ভেষজ তৃণ

2.7.  Limitations:

This research work has been prepared from 2009-12 from my own interest. Due to the period of long time, I tried to read books, leaflets and booklets. I do not use field level research work and relied only secondary research or published books. I have seen adequate publication for the commoners and used those small tiny books and other documents for this work.

2.8. Source and research method:

The technique of writing review article has been followed on the basis of collected data. Yet, in light of our knowledge and experience own conception has also been applied here.

I collect very few data form primary source. It includes data and information of various secondary sources. Relevant books, magazine, essays, etc. have acted as source of data and information. Data analysis has been used to know about the thought and views about the Medicinal plants.

Please click on the 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 Page Numbers below to read the full Paper of the Diversity of Fruit Plants in Bangladesh.

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